ǰλã������������
ЭƵطִ
 ڣ2016/1/11 Դ 42235



ʮ˽ȫͨġйȫĸشľ¼ơȫָƽϵִΪҹȫĸĿ꣬ҵ2020Ҫ͹ؼڸĸȡͻԽչϵִսԵƽһӶ޵ΰ󹤳̣븺սԹ滮սԵִǸططܷʵִǹսܷʵֵĻؼЭҹεʽͶƣǵȺ·Ҫ֡йʮ˴ʮ˽СȫᱨȷЭЩ͹ЭҪԣҲΪЭķչָǰķ2015꣬йӡڼǿЭΪЭķչڴҪ󡣴ӱʺ͹ЭǵطҪݣҲһ־֡Ӧлؽ㷺ؿչЭʵЭڷչβеҪãطִˮƽ

һЭطִ໥ϵ

ִطһʵطҪѧƶȼܹҪȹ̵طΪһֲģôȱIJıؽһͲģǸͲġΪһЭܴĽǶЧнӵطĻ󡣷طΪЭṩʵƽ̨֮ҪΪطDZ߽̻ԷյϵdzֿŵĶ̬ϵͳ뱻߶ԵģijᄈߣһᄈDZ[1]

Эһ־о޴DZܵʽܹЧӦĻԻͶԪĻ֪ijЩ⡣ǿڹΡٽλ໥⡢ԸԼ֧ЩľмԼߡ[2]ʵпЭĺǹ롢ԹͨЭۡγɹʶٷ磬ͻԡԡԡƽԡԡִУЭܺܺõسнЩһ棬ڵĻִҪк֧μȺڵIJԳΪطҪ⡣ЭĿ£벢һԵIJ룬ᳫԵĹ롣ֹ㷺IJĸ򣬼ӰߣҲֱڹһ棬ЭͨЭ̺ԹͨȳֱЭĹ۵㣬Ҳ߻ԼԸߵۺȨ⡢ȽϷѡΪ;ߡһֳʵֻȻٽɵط

ЭΪطԵIJ塢ٽȶʱ򣬵طҲΪЭķչṩ˹ʵƽ̨ȻЭֱӵЭ̡ЭЭΣǿ͹۵ؿйЭķչ켣ǣȴ𺽣ٵκͷ[3]һ棬ЭΧƹߡҪչЭ̣ɵطҪݡĵʵʽЭ̺Э̡Эй쵼ȺʵдһֶصʽҲǶƶȹչʵУΪһֿеʵʽЭ̱㷺֪ͻƳ硣УΪľ֤ᡣһ棬гõķչڷḻͬʱҲǵʶǵܡĹϵɸ߶һ廯ճ״̬ЭʵҲʼηչΪطҪռ䡣[4]ɼв˹㷺Эʵ

Эƽطִش

ϰƽڹڡȫ˵аЭĶƼҪΪƽЭβ롢еͬȺڵѪϵٽ߿ѧڵ쵼£ЭԾᷢչش漰ȺʵΪݣȫῪչ㷺Э̣Эھ֮ǰ;ʵʩ֮УЭطеɻϵƽطִʮشȵ塣

ǿ֮Э̣ƽطִҪ塣Эָо漰ᷢչش漰Ⱥʵʱǿ͸Ⱥ͹ڲȣȺԣ㼯ǣӶЧƽѧߣƽְתߵطˮƽһΪЭ̾ƽԡԡԡʤʤԵص㡣ˣǿ֮Э̣ڽʹȨĹ̵ΪЭͬεḶ́ͨЭǿĿѧԺЧʣߵͬȫλͷӶٽطִ[5]

ǿЭ֮Э̣ƽطִҪ塣ڵطִУЭҪλãйɫεƺص㡣еĶԪ˵ЭΪƶƽ̨Ȩϵͳ֮ĸ֯˷ϵӹȨϵͳ๲Ŧڹᣬ䣬ĻУϵЭͬԴŦãȽ־ӳҲ־ﵽ㷺ռ䡣[6]ִУĿռɶȽһŴĶԪҲӷ죬ЭĹںҲһḻ

ǿ֮֯Э̣ƽطִҪ塣طϵǺõģжƵģӦʵʷչҪġǣܺƽٵսؽĽĵطȨʹʱϰڹʽ˼άûѧг򽻵ȡƽطִؼڴгĹϵ֯ĹϵڵĹϵƽֿʷֿ·ֿֿҪʵתְܣΪַгԴеľ÷Ӻú۵غලãʽǿŻΪԱṩõĹƷԢڷ֮УǿִͷλˮƽͷŬ࣬Ϲƽֲгʧ飬ʵֹͬԣְܿѧṹŻЧķ[7]

ЭܹҪԭЭһšƽ͵̬Դ磬ѰԼԭṲʶԵ˼άŽһпŽӪΪˡΪҵ[8]Э㷺ȡڳԣҡľ棬ɶȸߵûзij򣬲ųԣڵ˵൱Ŀɿԣĺгȶ

ЭµطִҪĿ

Ӿᷢչ߼ЭµطִĻĿ꣬档

һʽɹתΪʮ˽ȫȷָѧĺ۵أЧǷгƵҪ󡱡ڵҪ״ʹˡĸǿԵĹȨͨǿֶδڸֲͬƶȹϵȨȥƺ͹淶ĸֻ޶档ӡǵιľ޴طӦշгĹҪй㷺ԡ֯ʽԻҪ󣬲ϴʹʽɹתΪ

ΧȫתΪޡڼƻ£ߡලߡߵĽɫΪṩְܺͽɫȫ߶ȼȨطޡλȱ׶ˣпʹг⵽ƻӶһ̶гԭе޸ӴѶȡȫӦȨޡְޡޡģ޵ص㡣ƶȵƺͼУȨִҡĸ־طӦѭȨʵ롢ʵȨȨܵɹƵԭ򣬱ϵطΧȫתΪޡ

ְɹתΪְܵı׶ڹɴɱйƳҪԱѡƶƹԼʵʩƵֱӳɱ⣬ƵѰƵ·ܳɱ߰ԼƴЧʵȼӳɱҹƸĸƽĹְְܽܽǿϣһӹĹ̡ǿѧҪĹͬѡ񣬾ǿְܡעֹ֯ص㡣ӦϵٽȻʵֹԪˮƽΪʵְɹתΪ

ɷתΪ͸˼ٵŻձ龫ܣǰأ˹ҵľ񼰹ҵͼڹŻϵͳ͵ڳܡգԶڡԶʵʣζȨòЧලԼθеȱʧطҪȡ֧֣ӷ򿪷͸⣬õķط̵͸εıȻҪг÷չĿ͹ҪҲӦϢʱıȻѡܵʵҪӦͨϹ֪Ȩ͸ƶȿܡ͸ĻȾٴ룬ٽɷתΪ͸

ĿӲʵתΪ˫ʵӲʵ֧ʵ֮ʵӰȾӲʵЧط롰ӲϡͨΪȡṫΡӵֵ֧һҲڵӰѳΪط͹ȵۺָꡣȱʧȨⷨƻг򡢼ìܣ˵طӦǿν衢ǿԱijšƶȽԼṫڵļලãһ

ġЭµطִľ·

ΪƽطִḶ̌ҪеƶȴܷΧڻ׵ؽСЭƶȵĽȫƣ㷺ƶȻչЭΪطִṩʾ

һDzЭͬطҪǶԪģЩ嶼һλ൱ӰԪͨķʽлӶƽȶԻṹԪͨЭ̡ϵйĹִḴӶķչʹִľ߱ѣҪרҵ顢رϢרż֪ʶͲͬĺ룬ҪȨزϣȻκһ֯򵥵֯ܳеģҪԹеΣҪȴִ˽֯͸˹ͬ[9]봫ͳƲгͬطִǿĶԪҵӪ֯ṫڶ[10]طУ壬ãΪ塣ȻǺ壬Ωһ壬ӵṫ⣬Ҫ干ͬáҵ׷⣬еһΣṫʱҪݲСӪ֯ƾӪԡԵƣнϸߵṫڽطҪáṫṫھ˫ݣĹDZߣǹIJߡߣ塣Щ干ͬжЯֺȡõЧ[11]

ǶԪľ巽ʽԪҪͨʵķʽչձ顢㷺ȵػγɹ桢ٵĺ֡ȣԪϢʽͳһԪȡ϶»¶ϵĵһʽԪνϵͳͨɽ롢ƽȽЭ̶Իγɹ򡣻Ľһʺƽ̨ΪԪ干ͬɽ롢ƽȽЭ̶Իṩ˼֧źƽ̨֧֡һ棬ֹ۵УͨԻЭȻɷ絽ɹʶȡжγɼ߽һԪɵĹܹƺרơǿȨͶʱ¢ϣγɹͬ棬ʵֹΡΣԪĹͬʽԪһӿŵϵͳϵͳУҪȨһֹͬʽʵֶԪεĸЧѧԪͨԻҵķ㣬ͨЭƽ棬γɼжһԣԪĹͬЭ̷ʽԽϺõؽĴ⣬ŷкʡŷȾ棬ЭijɱЧпܻǿ⡣ѧָڶԪвͬλʹȨıʲ켫ͨ¹𵽽ⲿڲá[12]ͶˮԣԳ̨ˮˮڽˮڵεĹ涨⽫ʹÿȨⲿڲӶﵽ󣬶ԪεĴʽָΪǰչԪˮƽҪԽԽߣͳġѾ޷ͻӦԪԪṩ֮Ȩɢ˴ƺ⣬طӵȨݴˣԪεĴʽɷΪ֣һȨϼԽη¼ӶĹģ𼶸ιģʽһίУҲί֯ṩ񣬹㼶ηֵģʽ

ǶԪĻƽ衣ղķ˹Ϊͨڹ֮ǰչֵЭ̣յ:ʾ˽Ϣٻ˷ԣƶһָҪģʽļල´ٽѡϷǿŽٽʵʩĿԣ߲ߵĵ֪ʶˮƽ۽ȷ顱[13]ЭµĵطִӦͨȫǰ;ִйеĶԪЭ̡ƣһֵܹĺǻۣʹľ߽ȫ׼Ϣ֮ϣһ棬ܹõ˽ߵǰĿ̵꣬õ֧֡ԣԴ¼֣ͨЭƶȿھ⿪չЭۣЭΪǰ;ִйЭ̵Ҫãⲻɹ㷺ȺڴٽطִѧͨڻЭƶȿڣ;ᷢչҪȺصʵȺУ㷺չЭ̡Ⱥԡ㼯ǣٽõطӳԺʵЧԣͨ¼䲿֮ϢܣϢƵĹܴ¼䲿Ŷϼ㱨ġģʽлӳġģʽͨƽ̨ʱϢͬʱҵӪ֯ṫڶķͨ


[1]ſ֮ںҵйҵѧѧ( ѧ) 2013 1 ڡ

[2]¼ҸգЭۡ˼ʵ20043ڡ

[3]ƽ󣺡йЭ60꣺ĹͬʵйӰɲѧԺѧ20095ڡ

[4]ƽ󣺡ִЭϼ乲չʦѧѧѧѧ棩20144ڣ54ҳ

[5]ڣʵƽЭ ǿЭ衷йЭо20152ڣ19ҳ

[6]ЭڹִеĵλáЭڹִеĵλá2015422յ04

[7]ļЭƶȻִѧϰʵ20143ڣ62ҳ

[8]ҶСġŷ壺Эִ߶ϡǡ201413ڣ64ҳ

[9]־ȣṲΣԪ干ͬʵ̽ƶȴ¡й201412ڣ17ҳ

[10]Ansell, C. and A. Gash. Collanorative Governance in Theory and Practice. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 2008,18(4).

[11]Stoker,Gerry. Governance as Theory: Five Propositions. International Social Science Journal, 1998(50).

[12][]ŵ˹ŵķȣƶȼɳչѷ룬Ϻ2000212ҳ

[13]¼ҸգЭϺ20012ҳ

 Ϣ
һƪ | һƪ
ӡ   ر   ö